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Kinesiology and Sports Science: Primary vs. Secondary

Page with resources useful for Kinesiology and Sports Science courses

Primary Sources

Primary Source materials document original work.

The following are examples of the types of information contained in scientific primary sources:

  • Reports of scientific discoveries
  • Results of experiments
  • Results of clinical trials

Primary Sources materials tend to be published in scholarly scientific journals, like the Journal of Applied Physiology (also available in print at the library).

These types of articles tend to describe the specific instance of a test or series of tests, often on human and non-human animals.

Secondary Sources

Secondary source materials contain commentary on, or discussion about, primary sources.

The following are examples of the types of information contained in scientific secondary sources:

  • Analysis and interpretation of research results
  • Analysis and interpretation of scientific discoveries

An example of a journal which contains secondary source materials is the Journal of Physical Education, Dance and Recreation (also available in print form through the library).

These types of articles often generalize and interpret the findings from primary source articles as they may apply to a larger, generally described population.