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Government Documents: Census

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More Census Links


American Factfinder
Your source for population, housing, economic, and geographic data

Historic Statistics of the United States, 1790-1970
Compiled to observe the U.S. Bicentennial celebration in 1976  (in Government Documents physical collection)

United States Historical Census Browser
Hosted by the University of Virginia Library, it covers 1790-1960

U.S. Census

  • What Data the Census Bureau Collects & When

  • How the Data is Used

    --to determine the distribution of Congressional seats to states--

    • mandated by the U.S. Constitution
    • used to apportion seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
    • used to define legislature districts, school district assignment areas and other important functional areas of government

     Find out about the 2010 Census Redistricting Data Program.

    --to make decisions about what community services to provide

      For example, changes in your community are crucial to many planning decisions, such as where to:

    • provide services for the elderly
    • where to build new roads and schools
    • or where to locate job training centers
    • to distribute more than $400 billion in federal funds to local, state and tribal governments each year

    --Census data affects how funding is allocated to communities for:

    • neighborhood improvements
    • public health
    • education
    • transportation
    • and much more
    • to provide information for:
      • Qualifying for Social Security and other retirement benefits
      • Passport applications
      • Proving relationship in settling estates
      • Researching family history or a historical topic


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