Critical analysis may or may not be a component of this particular course's evaluation, but it is an important component of any research process.
Critical thinking is at the heart of scientific inquiry. A good scientist is one who never stops asking why things happen, or how things happen. Science makes progress when we find data that contradicts our current scientific ideas.
Scientific inquiry includes three key areas:
1. Identifying a problem and asking questions about that problem
2. Selecting information to respond to the problem and evaluating it
3. Drawing conclusions from the evidence
Hart, T. (2018, 18 October) Teaching critical thinking in science - the key to students' future success. Brighter Thinking Blog. https://www.cambridge.org/us/education/blog/2018/10/18/teaching-critical-thinking-science-key-students-future-success/
"Critical thinking involves constantly asking questions, examining information and evidence, and figuring out conclusions. All of these actions are the basis for the scientific method, which then gives good evidence on which to base conclusions."
"Critical analysis is the detailed examination and evaluation of another person's ideas or work. It is subjective writing as it expresses your interpretation and analysis of the work by breaking down and studying its parts... Good critical analysis evaluates the ideas or work in a balanced way that highlights its positive and negative qualities."