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Social Work 440

Helpful links and search tips for SOWK 440 - Fundamentals of Research in Social Welfare

Boolean Operators

And: narrowest 

Or: widest

Not: in the middle

Boolean operators can widen or narrow your search by combining search terms/key words in different ways. 

  • Cats and dogs
    • Any article mentioning cats and dogs in the same place
  • Cats or dogs
    • Any article mentioning cats, dogs, or both (but not necessarily both)
  • Cats not dogs
    • Any article mentioning cats without talking about dogs

Example search using Academic Search Premier:

  • college athletes and salary
    • 173 results
  • college athletes or salary
    • 84,591 results
  • college athletes not salary
    • 7,950 results