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What is a peer reviewed journal?
Peer-reviewed journals (also called "scholarly" or "academic" journals) contain original research articles within a specific subject domain.
These articles are reviewed by other experts before publication and share many or all of these qualities:
- List authors' names, email addresses, and affiliations (e.g. Univ. of Nebraska-Kearney)
- Use section headers (these may vary): Abstract, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion
- Include tables or figures of statistical data
- Cite references to other quality sources
Here are two examples:
NOTE: Some peer-reviewed journals will include literature reviews, book reviews, and opinion essays. None of these present original research however!
This table summarizes the differences between peer-reviewed journals and other periodicals, but please ask a librarian if you have further questions!
IN-CLASS PRACTICE: Is it peer-reviewed?
Subject-Specific Article Databases
Sociology Collection (ProQuest)
Provides citations and abstracts to the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences.
Contains citations and abstracts to articles in journals, dissertations, and book chapters in all areas of psychology.
Lexis Nexis Academic NOW NexisUNI
Use this to find court cases and other legal materials.
These tips also appear in Lesson 1 of the Library Research Tutorial, and pertain to the "Advanced Search" feature of LOPERSearch, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts.
|How it works:
||Search results contain both Term #1 and Term #2
||Search results contain either Term #1 or Term #2 (or both)
|Effects on search results:
|Examples with diagrams:
Peas AND Carrots
Results = the middle area overlapped by both circles
Peas OR Carrots
Results = the entire area
of both circles
Using an asterisk wildcard (*) at the end of a partial word will broaden search results by including multiple word endings.
When searching for a specific phrase (two or more words together), adding quotation marks around that phrase will typically narrow your search results.
- Using child* will search for all variations of the word child, including children, children's, or childhood.
- A search on "sexual strategies theory" -- with the quotation marks included -- will retrieve only those records containing these three words together in this exact order.