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What is a peer reviewed journal?
Peer-reviewed journals (also called "scholarly" or "academic" journals) contain original research articles within a specific subject domain.
These articles are reviewed by other experts before publication and share many or all of these qualities:
- List authors' names, email addresses, and affiliations (e.g. Univ. of Nebraska-Kearney)
- Use section headers (these may vary): Abstract, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion
- Include tables or figures of statistical data
- Cite references to other quality sources
Here are two examples:
NOTE: Some peer-reviewed journals will include literature reviews, book reviews, and opinion essays. None of these present original research however!
This table summarizes the differences between peer-reviewed journals and other periodicals, but please ask a librarian if you have further questions!
IN-CLASS PRACTICE: Is it peer-reviewed?
Subject-Specific Article Databases
Sociology Collection (ProQuest) This link opens in a new window
Provides citations and abstracts to the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences.
PsycINFO This link opens in a new window
Contains citations and abstracts to articles in journals, dissertations, and book chapters in all areas of psychology.
Lexis Nexis Academic NOW NexisUNI This link opens in a new window
Use this to find court cases and other legal materials.
These tips also appear in Lesson 1 of the Library Research Tutorial, and pertain to the "Advanced Search" feature of Library Search, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts.
|How it works:
||Search results contain both Term #1 and Term #2
||Search results contain either Term #1 or Term #2 (or both)
|Effects on search results:
|Examples with diagrams:
Peas AND Carrots
Results = the middle area overlapped by both circles
Peas OR Carrots
Results = the entire area
of both circles
Using an asterisk wildcard (*) at the end of a partial word will broaden search results by including multiple word endings.
When searching for a specific phrase (two or more words together), adding quotation marks around that phrase will typically narrow your search results.
- Using child* will search for all variations of the word child, including children, children's, or childhood.
- A search on "sexual strategies theory" -- with the quotation marks included -- will retrieve only those records containing these three words together in this exact order.