Peer-reviewed journals (also called "scholarly" or "academic" journals) contain original research articles within a specific subject domain.
These articles are reviewed by other experts before publication and share many or all of these qualities:
Here are two examples:
NOTE: Some peer-reviewed journals will include literature reviews, book reviews, and opinion essays. None of these present original research however!
These tips also appear in Lesson 1 of the Library Research Tutorial, and pertain to the "Advanced Search" feature of LOPERSearch, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts.
|How it works:||Search results contain both Term #1 and Term #2||Search results contain either Term #1 or Term #2 (or both)|
|Effects on search results:||Narrows /
|Examples with diagrams:||
Peas AND Carrots
Results = the middle area overlapped by both circles
Peas OR Carrots
Results = the entire area
Using an asterisk wildcard (*) at the end of a partial word will broaden search results by including multiple word endings.
When searching for a specific phrase (two or more words together), adding quotation marks around that phrase will typically narrow your search results.